Lobbying through trade Associations
BP belongs to 10 trade associations like the ERT and EUROPIA. ERT brings together the seniorboard members of large EU organizations and acts as a direct contact between the companies and theEU commissions and the member state governments. The European Petroleum Industry Association(EUROPIA) represents the European downstream oil industry, presenting common positions on issues which affect the industry to EU institutions. EUROPIA is the united front which shapes Commissionpolicy on behalf of BP and its peers. The Commission frequently consults with EUROPIA as well as with individual oil companies.
2. THE BP LOBBY’S MISSION, GOALS AND ISSUES
The EU is the second-largest energy consumer in the world, a vast geographical area with commonstandards for both products and business practices. Not only the second largest energy market, but alsoa market with common standard in terms of energy legislations. The EU legislators then represent arelevant stakeholder as it provides environmental measures which could affect the industry, in terms of the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS).Some of the BP main areas of interest for lobbying (as stated in its website) are carbon pricing, low-carbon fuels, natural gas and carbon capture and storage on a large scale. Two main axis of interest are:- European policy and legislation, in fields like energy, environmental issues, research and technology,competition (especially relevant due to the mergers and acquisition in the energy sector), taxation,transport, internal market or employment.- European international relations, with regions related to BP business (external relations,external trade, foreign and security policy, etc.).
The primary objective of BP lobby staff is to maintain BP’s relationship with the EuropeanCommission. BP’s strategy is based on the will of obtaining a certain benefit from the effects of scale
that European energy market could assure.Even if BP works to avoid rigorous and binding legislation which might increase its costs or impact onprofits, it tries to strengthen the confidence between itself and the legislators in order to be perceived asa good self-regulator