High-frequency radiation in the megahertz range can generate ELF waves-The Report 2011

 

High-power ELF radiation generated by modulated HF heating of the ionosphere can cause Earthquakes, Cyclones and localized heating
Fran De Aquino
Maranhao State University, Physics Department, S.Luis/MA, Brazil.Copyright
©
2011 by Fran De Aquino. All Rights Reserved
The High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP) is currently the most important facility used to generate extremely low frequency (ELF) electromagnetic radiation in the ionosphere.In order to produce this ELF radiation the HAARP transmitter radiates a strong beam of high-frequency (HF) waves modulated at ELF. This HF heating modulates the electrons’ temperature in the D region ionosphere and leads to modulated conductivity and a time-varying current which then radiates at the modulation frequency. Recently, the HAARP HF transmitter operated with 3.6GW of effective radiated power modulated at frequency of 2.5Hz. It is shown that high-power ELF radiation generated by HF ionospheric heaters, such as the current HAARP heater, can cause Earthquakes,Cyclones
and strong localized heating.
.
Key words:
Physics of the ionosphere, radiation processes, Earthquakes, Tsunamis, Storms.PACS: 94.20.-y ; 94.05.Dd ; 91.30.Px ; 91.30.Nw; 92.60.Qx
1. Introduction
Generating electromagnetic radiation at extremely-low frequencies is difficult because the long wavelengths require long antennas, extending for hundreds of kilometers. Natural ionospheric currents provide such an antenna if they can be modulated at the desired frequency [
1-6
]. The generation of ELF electromagnetic radiationby modulated heating of the ionosphere has been the subject matter of numerous papers[
7-13
].In 1974, it was shown that ionospheric heater can generate ELF waves by heating the ionosphere with high-frequency (HF)radiation in the megahertz range [
7
]. This heating modulates the electron’s temperaturein the D region ionosphere, leading to modulated conductivity and a time-varying current, which then radiates at the modulation frequency.Several HF ionospheric heaters have been built in the course of the latest decades in order to study the ELF waves produced by the heating of the ionosphere with HF radiation. Currently, the HAARP heater is the most powerful ionospheric heater, with3.6GW of effective power using HF heating beam, modulated at ELF (2.5Hz) [
14,15
].This paper shows that high-power ELF radiation generated by modulated HF heatingof the lower ionosphere, such as thatproduced by the current HAARP heater, can cause Earthquakes, Cyclones and strong localized heating.
2. Gravitational Shielding
The contemporary greatest challenge of the Theoretical Physics was to prove that,Gravity is a
quantum
phenomenon. Since General Relativity describes gravity as related to the curvature of space-time then,the quantization of the gravity implies the quantization of the proper space-time. Until the end of the century XX, several attempts to quantize gravity were made. However, all of them resulted fruitless [
16,17
].In the beginning of this century, it was clearly noticed that there was something unsatisfactory about the whole notion of quantization and that the quantization process had many ambiguities. Then, a new approach has been proposed starting from the generalization of the
action function
*
. The result has been the derivation of a theoretical background, which finally led to the so-sought quantization of the gravity and of the
*
The formulation of the
action
in Classical Mechanics extends to Quantum Mechanics and has been the basis for the development of the
Strings Theory.

 

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